Francis Gardiner went by many aliases, including "Darkie" Clark, "The Highwayman", "The King of the Road", the "Father of Bushranging", the "Prince of Tobymen", and Francis Christie, whom most believe was his real name. Frank Gardiner was born in Scotland around 1830, and became skilled at riding and shooting while growing up on a farm at Boro, Australia. He was tall (five foot - eight), with black hair, dark eyes, and was very polite, a gentleman to the core and Australia's "Most Wanted" bushranger and first world famous celebrity. He began his crime career as a horse thief in 1850 when he was arrested for horse stealing and sent to the Pentridge Stockade at Melbourne, and escaped. He was arrested again for the same crime in 1854, was sent to Cockatoo Island and remained there until 1859 until he got a ticket of leave and broke his parole. He operated a butcher shop that included cattle duffing, and Gardiner earned the title of "Gunman Gardiner" when he exchanged gunfire with two policemen at Fogg's Hutt near Bigga, Australia. Gardiner was wounded in the head by Sergeant John Middleton, and Gardiner fired back shooting Middleton in the mouth, and then wounding Trooper William Hosie. Gardiner was captured during the gunfight, and later escaped from Trooper Hosie while Sgt. Middleton was rounding up horses. Gardiner captured world fame when he masterminded and carried out the largest gold escort robbery in the history of colonial Australia in the summer of 1862 when he led the Gardiner gang and handed the gang over to Ben Hall, and disappeared. He was the first Australian celebrity to gain worldwide attention when he was the first Aussie mentioned in London Times and American newspapers. Gardiner used the alias of Francis Christe and married Catherine "Kitty" Brown, and operated a pub on Apis Creek until he was captured in 1864 by police. Frank Gardiner, who rode the best horse in the district, took whatever he wanted, and was the most feared gunman in New South Wales, was sentenced to thirty - two years at Darlinghurst for robbery under arms and attempted murder of a police officer. Frank Gardiner served ten years and was the only Australian exiled, and the only Australian bushranger to not die from gunshot wounds or hanging. He was sent to Hong Kong, and immigrated to America where he operated the Twilight Star Saloon in San Francisco on the notorious Barbary Coast and he married a wealthy widow, owned a fine ranch, and fathered two twin sons until his mysterious death in the early 1900s.