The Anchors surname has several spelling variations in America. Many of these branches can all be traced back to a John Anchors who arrived in Anne Arundle County, Maryland about 1665. John was thought to have been born in London about 1630. The first record of him shows up in 1667. In 1673 he was renting 100 acres of land near the present site of Annapolis. We found several notes on the early family recorded in the Vesper Proceedings of St. Annes Protestant Episcopal Church, one of the oldest churches in America. Others spellings in these early records include Ankers, Anchors, Anchor, Anckors, Anker, Ancor, Anckers, Anchers, Ankor, and Ankar.
In the book by Dolan "English Ancestral Names: The Evolution of the Surname From Medieval Occupations" The fist 8 names in Group 10 indicates a smith equipped to make any kind of iron part a shipbuilder might demand. ANCHOR, ANKER, ANKERS,ANKERSMITH, ANKIER, ANNACKER, ANNERCAN, ANNERCAW, AND BOTSMITH.
Very few people could read and write in colonial times and these names are very similar phonecticly. On a document where Edward Anchors signed allegence to Maryland to join the Revolutionary Army he marked with his "E" rather than an "X". The Anchors/Ankers did have blacksmith shops for several generations in America.
I have seen notes of researchers in England that indicate that some of the Ankers were blacksmiths over there as well.
Our family tree is currently about 50% Anchors and the other 50% Ankers.