There is nothing funny about the possibility of a child being abducted. I wish I could laugh it off but I can not until I can prove otherwise.
Forcible abductions of Native children did occur during this time period. There were others with the last name of Bowen in this area during this time period but it is unknown if there is any connection to them. I have no proof of Louie's ethnicity being anything other than white. That does not mean anything as many who could, passed themselves off to avoid persecution. I also have another problem in that another section of this tree is unknown, which means that even with DNA testing, I can not discount the possibility of other sections being a potential source of conflicting information. It is worth noting that there were many with the Bowen surname that failed to make the Native rolls.
There is no record of Louie or another of his adoptive siblings being formally adopted. The lack of adoption records is not conclusive evidence that they were not taken in out of the goodness of Nancy and Amos' hearts. It is also not conclusive evidence that they were taken either.
There is a family story that was passed down about Louie's earliest memory being standing on what he thought was his mother's grave and that the Indians were at war.
I was able to contact another branch of the family and this story was passed down through their branch as well.
I have not been able to find proof of Louie being born in Muskogee, Oklahoma. Other documents contradict this as he says he does not know where he was born.
I have also been unable to determine what tribes the family was living near or if any of them were at war during this time. I have also been unable to find information on burials that would be a fit for Louie's biological mother in this area. Many graves have been lost over the years but it could also mean that a burial is located elsewhere and I have not found it yet since I have no proof of where Louie was before the 1900 Census or how he ended up with Nancy and Amos' family.
There were also two other stories that were not passed down through my branch of the tree to my knowledge.
Louie had contacted an unknown agency in Washington and received some paperwork from them. According to this other branch of the family, Louie was absolutely furious and it had something to do with the spelling of his name. These papers were since lost and since the name of the agency where these records were obtained is unknown, this family story is also a dead end. There may be something to it in that in the 1900 Census, Louie's name is spelled as "Boyin Luey" and in the 1910 Census, his name is spelled as "Lucious".
Another story that I was unfamiliar with is that both Cheser and Claiborne's middle names were Bowen. There is a Census that gives Claiborne's middle initial as K. but this is a known error as confirmed by one of his children. The alleged reason for their names being such is their lineage was somehow in question.
Since there are other theories as to Louie's biological parentage, I decided to include them all with the statement that there is not evidence either way as to what the truth of the matter is. It is important to keep open to all possibilities when researching unknown parents of an adoptee without bias until there is proof.
If there is one thing I have learned it is to never assume that you know or do not know something until you have proof in hand and what I have right now is next to nothing.
Louie was adopted and there is nothing to suggest that Nancy or Amos knew his biological parents, although their states of birth are given as Michigan and Arkansas. How can I verify that even that small piece of what was at least second hand information from Nancy and Amos is correct? Where did they get that information from?
Is it possible that Louie's mother died in childbirth? What could have happened to his father?
It is important to uphold the Genealogical Proof Standard of being able to confirm that information on documents is reliable and that it correlates with other evidence that is also reliable. As the evidence stands right now, the only thing I can say for certain is that Louie was with this family.
Thank you for discovering that Gertrude had a child. I am hopeful that I will be able to locate a descendant of her line to see if they can shed some light on this mystery.