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Richardson Family of Marion

Replies: 14

Re: Richardson Family of Marion

Posted: 1311282794000
Classification: Query
Surnames: Richardson
This is William Richardson's Revolutionary War Pension Application. It goes into great detail how his family moved around during the War...BUT he was born in Jeffries Creek, SC on 3-9-1762. Sellers is wrong they lived in SC previous to the War. I am researching Richardsons in South Carolina previous to the War that William and John might be descended is the Pension application;

Pension Application of William Richardson: R8778
Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris
South Carolina} In the Common Pleas
Marion District} Fall Tr 1836
Before me Richard Gant one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas and general Sessions
for the said State and the Presiding Judge of the said Court at the Present Term, personally
appeared William Richardson aged Seventy four years who on oath made the following
Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he
was born on Jeffries Creek [in present Darlington County SC] on the 9th day of March 1762 as the
deponents father has told him – it was recorded in a family Bible which, together with his
Father’s house was burnt up by the Tories. Deponent’s father started with his family to move to
Mississippi & when he had travelled about fifteen miles beyond Wadesboro in No. Ca., he met
some travellers who informed him that the whites were kept in Forts by the Indians in
Mississippi & advised him not to go on. Deponent’s father returned back as far as the Grassy
Islands in Anson County on great Pee Dee river in No. Ca. & remained there for one year – then
moved to Cartlidges [sic: Cartledge] Creek about eight miles from the Grassy Islands, at which
place his father was drafted to be stationed on the Flowery Gap [sic: Flower Gap in present
Carroll County VA] on the Blue Ridge mountains to prevent the Indians from crossing over. It
was at this place in the year 1777 that deponent first entered the service as a substitute for his
father with the consent of Col. Medlock & served his tour for him under one Capt Hunter. The
company being divided into three divisions, each division served one month at a time. Deponent
served in this manner for two years as a substitute for his father until he became sixteen years
of age and after that on his own account, making in the whole eight months. he next volunteered
under one Capt Culpepper & marched with him to join Genl. Linkhorn [sic: Benjamin Lincoln]
who was stationed on Black Swamp [in Jasper County SC]. Marched from the Grassy Islands to
Cheraw So Ca, – to Long Bluff – to Orangeburg to Black Swamp. Genl. Linkhorn sent about five
hundred men to Charleston, of whom deponent was one. He (Linkhorn) went to Stono. From
Charleston he was sent to James Island, to guard Hobkaw creek to prevent the British from
crossing over to James Island to Fort Johnson. After the Battle at Stono was over [Stono Ferry, 20
June 1779] he returned to Charleston and kept guard on the lines until his term of three months
had expired; he then rec’d his discharge from on Capt. Abel Kolb & returned home. He can fix
the period of this term of service duly by reference to the Battle at Stono. It was shortly after
this battle that he rec’d his discharge. When [Gen. Horatio] Gates was marching to Camden [SC]
deponent volunteered and joined him on the road at a place about 15 miles from the Grassy
Islands – went on with him and was in the Battle near Camden [16 Aug 1780] & rec’d a bayonet
wound in the forehead. Gates rode a black horse called Jack which it was said he took from
Burgoyne at Brandywine [sic: see note below]. On the evening previous to the Battle it was said
that Gates sent a flag into Cornwallis to say to him that he would dine with him on the next day
in Camden. Cornwallis immediately marched out to meet him & the firing between the advanced
guards commenced in the night. but it was not general until the morning guns were fired. Gate’s
men were formed eight deep, the regulars in front. Gates men stood until they were charged by
the enemy. It was then that the deponent rec’d the wound in his forehead and was taken
prisoner. – Kept under guard for 4 or 5 days when he was exchanged at Camden. he served at
this time one month. Then went back to Haileys Ferry on Great Pee Dee & went on & joined
Green [sic: Gen. Nathanael Greene, who replaced Gates on 2 Dec 1780] – marched to a place near
Camden when a fight commenced between Green & Lord Rawdon [Battle of Hobkirk Hill, 25 Apr
1781] in which Green was beaten. Deponent was here taken prisoner – sent to Charleston & got a
parole from Lord Rawdon to remain within the town limits. Lord Rawdon was about returning to
England [left after 4 Aug 1781] to attend the trial of one Watson and Balfour for disobedience of
orders as it was said. Deponent & 2 others petitioned him for a parole & it was granted. There
was four men came into town in a boat for salt & deponent gave them 2 guineas to carry him
past the guard at the bridge near Fort Moultrie. They concealed him between three sacks of salt
& some rubbish & passed the guard without detection. Until this time the deponent had been
out nine months. He got out of the boat at Coachman’s old field below the ‘horse shoe” on Big
Pee [sic: Great Pee Dee River] & joined Col. John Baxter about ½ a mile form Sawin’s Island.
Between 8 and 9 months from the battle at Camden between Green and Rawdon he commenced
this tour as a volunteer under Baxter with whom he marched into Marion’s Camps & remained
with him until the British evacuated Charleston [14 Dec 1782]. The last skirmish he had was with
the British at Walboo [sic: Wadboo near Moncks Corner SC, 29 Aug 1782] He had broken his
parole & preferred remaining in the Camps. He did so as a volunteer & is certain that he
remained with Marion & under his command for one year at least. He believes it was longer. His
discharges were burnt up in his house together with his house since the war. After the war he
lived about 15 years in Horry District & the balance of his time he has lived in Marion Dist. He
hereby releases all claim to any Pension except the present & declares that his name is not on
the Pension Roll of the Agency of any State & that he did not know of the Act of 1832 until now.
William hisXmark Richardson
Gen. John Burgoyne was not at the Battle of Brandywine, 11 Sep 1777. If he lost his horse
to Gen. Gates it would have been at his surrender to Gates at Saratoga NY on 17 Oct of that year.
The armies of Gates and Cornwallis bumped into each other during the night before the battle,
and confused firing began immediately, not after Gates supposedly taunted Cornwallis with a
dinner invitation.
In the file is a letter dated 10 July 1853 by Andrew J. Richardson of Horry District SC
granting power of attorney “for the purpose of obtaining the pension if any may be due and
coming to him, his brothers & sisters and aged mother.”
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
Diane Richardson Bryant 966254400000 
Eric Gleason 984312000000 
ICEPLANT 1127577356000 
Jack Barry 1022253681000 
JoMCDORMAN 1022336166000 
jack barry 1022359902000 
JoMCDORMAN 1030039639000 
bbarnes50 1311282794000 
Diane 1022433738000 
DianeBryant72 1190740307000 
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