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Posted: 953208000000
Classification: Biography
Edited: 994378902000
Bismarck Tribune - Bismarck, North Dakota, Thursday, July 10, 1890

"Harry Carahoof ~ Another veteran Union Soldier and Pioneer - Settler - Farmer

North of the city, near the cemetery in little Hay creek valley on a quarter section of 26-139-80, resides Mr. S. H. Carahoof and wife and two children. "Harry", as he is familiarly called, has a history worth reading. He was born in Logan county, O. in 1847. At this time the kettledrum was sounding the long roll for troops to rally for the Mexican war. He was born under a war cloud. When he reached the age of 15 another war cloud appeared - this time nearer home and more terrible in its threatening. Harry again heard the kettledrum and saw his neighbors' farmer boys "rallying around the flag." He too took his stand in the ranks of the 134th Regt. Ohio Vol. Inf. and was vain enough to think the vigilant eye of the examining officers would pass and muster him in. But no. The officer placed his hand on Harry's head and said: "Too young and small, my boy; you must go home." So Harry and several other lads were marched to the cars and sent back home. Two long years rolled by and Harry, by working on the farm, grew taller and developed more muscle. The news came through old Logan county that John Morgan, the renowned southern raider, was on the war path, bound for Ohio. Col. Ratliff, a gallant cavalry officer of the union army, was ordered to organize a regiment of cavalry in southern Ohio for three years' service. Harry could stand it no longer. He quit the plow and joined the 12th Ohio Cavalry. The regiment was ordered into Kentucky and there joined the forces that were operating against Morgan. The union troops were kept busy locating, then fighting and trying to catch the great raider. They met him at Mount Sterling, and at Cynthian, Kentucky, the sly old fox fooled the boys and cut off twelve hundred of the union troops and Harry found himself a prisoner of war. To be a prisoner, to be captured by John Morgan in the heart of Kentucky, was not calculated to fill one's heart with enthusiasm. Morgan at that time had a reputation that sent terror throughout the land, and poor Harry, with his country comrade boys thought their time had come to be expedited out of the army of the union into the great unexplored. But the union troops pressed Morgan too closely. They fought and charged and counter-charged, and finally the prisoners were rescued and Harry's heart settled back to its proper place, and with Col. Ratliff at their head they showed fight and came off victors. Harry was in all the cavalry raids and forced marches that were made across and back, and backward and forward through Kentucky, Tennessee and Southern Ohio from 1863 to the close of the war, 1865.

When at the age of 19 he was discharged by reason of the expiration of the war. In 1868 Henry [sic] polled his first vote. It was for U.S. Grant for president. In 1871 he started for the west, and by boat down the Ohio and up the Missouri was landed at Fort Berthold. There he remained in the service of the Indian department of the government until '72. Then he moved down to Fort Rice, where he remained until 1875. At his time rumors of gold in the Black Hills began to stir up the frontiersmen and Harry, with twenty others, made the first expedition to the hills. They passed through the heart of the great Sioux nation and prospected through the hills for gold, and found it. They brought back the first dust that was brought to Fort Rice or Bismarck. For four years after this he ran the express and mail between Fort Rice and Bismarck. In 1879 he decided to quit roving and settled down to his first love on a farm, and there today with his family he is comfortably fixed. He began gardening and says: "I made money at raising garden truck and poultry. The I opened more land and tried corn; that did well; I fattened hogs and it paid, I then tried wheat and oats and that did well. This was about the time of the boom at Bismarck. I then began working in cattle. I have raised and sold, also herded, and have done first-rate. The seasons began to get dry. I quit wheat and oats but stuck to corn and tried millet. All this time I kept the hoe going in the garden. I could tell by the high cold winds in April and May what kind of year we liable to have, and if the indications were as above - the winds high and cold and dry, without dew, or no flood on the river - I calculated on a dry season and guarded against it by plowing deep, sowing and covering deep; also running the cultivator or drag as often as possible. In a dry year a farmer must keep moving. He must "shift the cut" as the boys say. I have not got rich, but no one has a string on me. I pay no interest and don't intend to get into that condition if I keep my senses. I have in crop this year forty acres of corn, ten of rye, twelve of millet, six of potatoes and four of garden truck. If the corn does well - and it is splendid now - I will fatten fifty hogs. I have never had but a pony team until this season. I have three horses now and have seventeen head of cattle - three of them milch cows. My first cow cost $85 cash in 1879. Of course we have had good and bad seasons. The best I ever did in the vegetable line was in 1883 or 1884 - I don't just now remember the year. I raised 2,390 bushels of potatoes on six acres, and no year since I have been gardening has my yield of potatoes been less than 150 bushels per acre. I think the best land for potatoes is the second year after first breaking. The land is then very strong and just adapted to potatoes. The potatoe crop is a good thing to subdue the land - so is millett; also corn to clean land. I always have water on my farm. This spring Hay creek is way up. I can take a skiff and go down to New Orleans from my house. I don't take much stock in big farms. The small farm, stuck to and well worked, is the best for the farmer and for the country. I want to see all the favorable locations for farms occupied by farmer families, and the hill and hay lands saved for stock. In my eighteen years in Burleigh county I have been able to get all my wood by going after it in the timber on the river, without cost."

Mari Nielsen's notes: Samuel Harry CARAHOOF/CARAHOFF was born 1846/47 in Logan Co. OH to Jacob CARAHOOF and Sarah STAUFFER. His military information is listed above. He married first to Sarah Lenehan or Linehan (b. abt 1853 in Illinois according to the 1880 census of Burleigh Co.) prior to 1879 in Burleigh Co. They were divorced in December 1883 and custody of the child of that marriage, John A. CARAHOFF b. November 1879, was awarded to Samuel Harry. He married Isabella "Belle" STRUTHERS, b. abt 1865 in Canada, on March 3, 1885 in Burleigh Co. They had two daughters, Annabell Mildred Carahoff b. March 05, 1887 and Frances Katie Carahoff b. March 05, 1891. Samuel Harry CARAHOFF d. on February 08, 1893 in Bismarck.
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marilnielsen 953208000000 
chekopeva 1426974628000 
Mari Nielsen 1427000159000 
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